indoor air quality produce in Poland

Investigation on air quality of specific indoor environments—spa …

This study was aimed at determination of VOCs with a particular regard to terpenes in air samples collected in selected spa salons located in Northern Poland. Active air sampling was conducted before and after treatments. Samples were analyzed with the use of thermal desorption gas chromatography coupled with flameionization detector (TD-GC-FID) and mass spectrometer (TD-GC-MS). Obtained …

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UL GREENGUARD Certification Program | UL

There may be anywhere from 50 to hundreds of individual VOCs in the indoor air at any one time. Some may produce objectionable odors at low levels, but many have no noticeable smell. Many VOCs are irritants and can cause headaches, eye, nose and throat irritation, and dizziness. Long-term exposure to certain VOCs may lead to chronic diseases or cancer. At high concentrations, some VOCs are toxic. …

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Effectiveness and Eco-Costs of Air Cleaners in Terms of Improving ...

21/11/2020· One of the methods to improve indoor air quality (IAQ) is to use air cleaners (ACLs) with high-e ciency particulate air filters (HEPA) that remove biological indoor air pollutants from indoor environments. This work presents the results of a study of fungal aerosol samples collected during the summer season from inside two dwellings (DG1 and DG2) before and after starting the use of ACLs. …

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WHO/Europe | Development of WHO guidelines for indoor air quality

To start this activity, WHO convened a working group meeting for the development of indoor air quality guidelines representing scientific expertise in epidemiology, toxicology, exposure assessment, developing country issues, indoor combustion, biological agents, building construction, ventilation and indoor air quality management. The working group outlined the tasks required for the guideline development in …

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Increased Use of Air Conditioning | Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) …

Indoor concentrations of particles from outdoor air will be decreased while indoor concentrations of particles emitted from indoor sources will increase. Depending on the outdoor air particle concentration and the strength of indoor particle sources, total indoor air particle concentrations may decrease or increase. A recent review of available data [116] indicates that concentrations of particles less than …

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Energy efficiency – indoor air quality dilemma in public buildings ...

01/08/2018· Studies carried out in Latvia [4, 5] show that the operation of ventilation systems does not produce the required indoor air quality and thermal comfort, and the operation of ventilation systems can make it difficult or impossible to achieve the planned energy efficiency goals. The measured CO2 level in these cases was between 1000 ppm and 2500 ppm. One study also included a detailed …

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Indoor air quality — European Environment Agency

11/05/2021· The quality of indoor air is affected by many other factors, including cooking, wood stoves, burning candles or incense, the use of consumer products like waxes and polishes for cleaning surfaces, building materials like formaldehyde in plywood, and flame retardants in many materials. Then there is also radon coming from soils and building materials.’

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PAPER OPEN ACCESS Indoor Air Quality in Kindergartens in Poland

05/05/2020· Indoor Air Quality in Kindergartens in Poland To cite this article: Ewa Zender - Swiercz and Marek Telejko 2019 IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 471 092066 View the article online for updates and enhancements. This content was downloaded from IP address on 05/05/2020 at 02:59. Content from this work may be used under the terms of the CreativeCommonsAttribution …

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Finnish Ecosystem of Indoor Air Quality Actors Offers Healthy Indoor ...

04/06/2019· The two-day visit started with Indoor Air Quality Finnish-Polish Seminar organized by IAQe and Business Finland Poland. Polish Green Building Council (PLGBC) was the honorary patron of the seminar where also several other Polish indoor air quality actors and organizations where represented. During the visit IAQe also had a meeting with local developer company, reception at the Residence of …

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INDOOR AIR QUALITY ACION PLAN INDOOR AIR QUALITY

1. Indoor Air Quality in school environment in Poland Recognition of the actual state of schools environment in Poland that has been performed as part of the InAirQ project indicates that the Indoor Air Quality is rather low. A detailed analysis of the data gathered in the field campaign conducted in twelve schools selected

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DEVELOPMENT OF WHO GUIDELINES FOR INDOOR AIR QUALITY

Indoor Air Quality Malta Report on a Working Group Meeting Bonn, Germany 23-24 October 2006 Italy The WHO Regional Office for Europe The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations created in 1948 with the primary responsibility for international health matters and public health. The WHO Regional Office for Europe is one of six regional offices throughout the world, …

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HRV or ERV - Fresh Air Ventilation

A winter field study investigating the impact of ventilation rates on indoor air quality andthe respiratory health of asthmatic children in Québec City was carried out in over 100 homes with the Institut national de santé publique du Québec. In a large number of homes, the relative humidity (RH) was found to be too low in winter. Because the introduction of more cold, dry outside air further reduces RH, low-RH …

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EPA Regional Office and State Indoor Air Quality Information | …

12/05/2021· Mold is one of the biggest indoor air quality health concerns. But, DHEC cannot test or inspect indoor air. DHEC does not have any state or federal authority to address indoor air quality. The only exception is the control of asbestos. State Resources: Asbestos; ; South Carolina Office of Healthy Schools; South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control. 2600 Bull Street …

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Indoor Air Quality: A Focus on the European Legislation and State-of ...

10/04/2020· Indoor air quality (IAQ) has been a well-known problem since the late 1970s. Its significant impact on human health has been addressed several times by the World Health Organization (WHO) in various documents and meetings, and has been carried out at various levels [1–3]. Further, economic studies and researches have highlighted the great importance that IAQ now has in all …

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House plants – a natural way to improve indoor air quality

26/06/2014· Bringing a bit of nature indoors could be the best way to improve the quality of your indoor air. Air quality in homes, offices, and other indoor spaces is now a major public health concern, particularly in developed countries where people often spend up to 90% of their time indoors. Concern has been building for a long time. In the 1980s the EPA published the findings of one of the most …

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Indoor bacterial load and its correlation to physical indoor air ...

22/01/2019· Clean air is a basic requirement of life [].Most people spend 80–95% of their time in indoor environments by breathing on average 10–14 m 3 of air per day [2,3,4,5].Millions of children and adults spend 24–30% of their time in a day in school buildings, and they need safe, healthy environments to thrive, learn, and succeed [6, 7].The indoor air quality has been the object of several studies due to …

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Indoor air quality in urban nursery schools in Gliwice, Poland ...

01/11/2015· indoor air quality in preschools is different from primary or higher schools (Yoon et al., 2011, Branco et al., 2014). Consequently, the exposure of preschool children is different from older children and need to be studied. Most of the research that consider schoolchildren underline the negative influence of biological, chemical or particulate pollutants and thermal conditions (temperature and …

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Body growth rate in preadolescent children and outdoor air quality.

Body growth rate in preadolescent children and outdoor air quality. Jedrychowski W(1), Maugeri U, Jedrychowska-Bianchi I. Author information: (1)Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Medecine, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland. STUDY OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this paper was to assess the impact of the outdoor and indoor air quality on the growth rate of …

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Bacterial and Fungal Aerosols in Air-Conditioned Office Buildings …

Warszawa, Poland. E-mail: . Bacterial and Fungal Aerosols in Air-Conditioned Office Buildings in Warsaw, ... indoor air quality office buildings bacterial and fungal aerosols size distribution 1. INTRODUCTION During the past decade, there has been a rapid development of office buildings and a substantial increase in the number of people working in such spaces in Poland. Comprehensive …

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Indoor Air Quality in Kindergartens in Poland - IOPscience

24/02/2019· The article presents the results of research on the indoor air quality (IAQ) in 4 kindergartens in Poland, located in the city with 200,000 inhabitants. The buildings in which research was carried out were built in the years 1970-1993 and were equipped with a gravity ventilation system. The analysis covered the variability of the basic parameters describing the indoor air quality, …

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